On This Day

Today is 22 August 2017, and this is some of what happened.

Events

392 - Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor.
476 - Odoacer is named Rex italiae by his troops.
565 - Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
851 - Battle of Jengland: Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.
1138 - Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England.
1485 - The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet.
1559 - Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy.
1639 - Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.
1642 - Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins.
1654 - Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.
1711 - Ships from British Admiral Hovenden Walker's Quebec Expedition flounders on rocks at the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River.
1717 - Spanish troops land on Sardinia.
1770 - James Cook names and lands on Possession Island, Queensland and claims the east coast of Australia as New South Wales in the name of King George III.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: British forces abandon the Siege of Fort Stanwix after hearing rumors of Continental Army reinforcements.
1780 - James Cook's ship HMS Resolution returns to England (Cook having been killed on Hawaii during the voyage).
1791 - Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue.
1795 - The Constitution of the Year III is ratified by the National Convention
1798 - French troops land in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo, Ireland to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion.
1827 - José de la Mar becomes President of Peru.
1831 - Nat Turner's slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans who are killed in retaliation for the uprising.
1846 - The Second Federal Republic of Mexico is established.
1848 - The United States annexes New Mexico.
1849 - The first air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.
1851 - The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America.
1864 - Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention.
1875 - The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
1902 - Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
1902 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to ride in an automobile.
1910 - Korea is annexed by Japan with the signing of the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910, beginning a period of Japanese rule of Korea that lasted until the end of World War II.
1922 - Michael Collins, Commander-in-chief of the Irish Free State Army, is shot dead during an Anti-Treaty ambush at Béal na Bláth, County Cork, during the Irish Civil War.
1932 - The BBC first experiments with television broadcasting. (See also Timeline of the BBC.)
1934 - Bill Woodfull of Australia becomes the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes.
1941 - World War II: German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad.
1942 - World War II: Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.
1944 - World War II: Romania is captured by the Soviet Union.
1944 - World War II: Holocaust of Kedros in Crete by German forces
1949 - Queen Charlotte earthquake: Canada's largest earthquake since the 1700 Cascadia earthquake
1950 - Althea Gibson becomes the first black competitor in international tennis.
1952 - The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.
1961 - Ida Siekmann dies attempting to cross the Berlin Wall.
1962 - An attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle fails.
1963 - American Joe Walker in an X-15 test plane reaches an altitude of 107.96 km (67.08 mi) (354,200 feet).
1966 - Labor movements NFWA and AWOC merge to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers.
1968 - Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America.
1971 - J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28.
1972 - Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.
1973 - The Congress of Chile votes in favour of a resolution condemning President Salvador Allende's government and demands him to resign or else be unseated through force and new elections be called. The first demand is executed eighteen days later in a bloody coup d'état, commencing 17 years of military rule.
1978 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FLSN) occupies national palace in Nicaragua.
1984 - PC Brian Bishop a British police officer is shot in the head by an armed robber in Frinton-on-Sea, Essex. He dies from his injuries five days later.
1985 - Manchester Air Disaster sees 55 people killed when a fire breaks out on a commercial aircraft at Manchester Airport.
1989 - Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.
1992 - FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege at her home at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
1996 - Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in US welfare policy
2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore is suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
2004 - Versions of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.
2006 - Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 crashes near the Russian border over eastern Ukraine, killing all 170 people on board.
2007 - The Texas Rangers defeat the Baltimore Orioles 30-3, the most runs scored by a team in modern Major League Baseball history. The combined run total is also Major League record.
2007 - The Storm botnet, a botnet created by the Storm Worm, sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day
2012 - Ethnic clashes over grazing rights for cattle in Kenya's Tana River District result in more than 52 deaths.

Births

1412 - Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (died 1464)
1601 - Georges de Scudéry, French author, poet, and playwright (died 1667)
1624 - Jean Regnault de Segrais, French author and poet (died 1701)
1647 - Denis Papin, French physicist and mathematician, developed pressure cooking (died 1712)
1679 - Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (died 1758)
1760 - Pope Leo XII (died 1829)
1764 - Charles Percier, French architect and interior designer (died 1838)
1771 - Henry Maudslay, English engineer (died 1831)
1773 - Aimé Bonpland, French botanist and explorer (died 1858)
1778 - James Kirke Paulding, American poet, playwright, and politician, 11th United States Secretary of the Navy (died 1860)
1800 - William S. Harney, American general (died 1889)
1800 - Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian poet and scholar (died 1865)
1827 - Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman and politician (died 1906)
1834 - Samuel Pierpont Langley, American physicist and astronomer (died 1906)
1836 - Archibald Willard, American soldier and painter (died 1918)
1845 - William Lewis Douglas, American businessman and politician, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts (died 1924)
1848 - Melville Elijah Stone, American publisher, founded the Chicago Daily News (died 1929)
1854 - Milan I of Serbia (died 1901)
1857 - Ned Hanlon, American baseball player and manager (died 1937)
1860 - Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, created the Nipkow disk (died 1940)
1860 - Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (died 1940)
1860 - Eleonore Reuss of Köstritz (died 1917)
1862 - Claude Debussy, French pianist and composer (died 1918)
1867 - Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (died 1939)
1873 - Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (died 1928)
1874 - Max Scheler, German philosopher and author (died 1928)
1880 - Gorch Fock, German author and poet (died 1916)
1880 - George Herriman, American cartoonist (died 1944)
1882 - Raymonde de Laroche, French pilot (died 1919)
1887 - Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German jurist and politician, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (died 1977)
1890 - Cecil Kellaway, South African-American actor and singer (died 1973)
1891 - Henry Bachtold, Australian soldier and railway engineer (died 1983)
1891 - Jacques Lipchitz, Lithuanian-Italian sculptor (died 1973)
1893 - Wilfred Kitching, English 7th General of The Salvation Army (died 1977)
1893 - Dorothy Parker, American poet and author (died 1967)
1895 - László Almásy, Hungarian captain, pilot, and explorer (died 1951)
1895 - Paul Comtois, Canadian lawyer and politician, 21st Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (died 1966)
1897 - Bill Woodfull, Australian cricketer and educator (died 1965)
1898 - Alexander Calder, American artist (died 1976)
1902 - Thomas Pelly, American lawyer and politician (died 1973)
1902 - Leni Riefenstahl, German actress and director (died 2003)
1902 - Edward Rowe Snow, American historian and author (died 1982)
1903 - Jerry Iger, American cartoonist, co-founded Eisner and Iger (died 1990)
1904 - Deng Xiaoping, Chinese soldier and politician, 1st Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China (died 1997)
1908 - Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer and painter (died 2004)
1908 - Erwin Thiesies, German rugby player and coach (died 1993)
1909 - Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter and producer (died 2000)
1909 - Mel Hein, American football player and coach (died 1992)
1909 - Lucille Ricksen, American actress (died 1925)
1913 - Leonard Pagliero, English businessman and pilot (died 2008)
1913 - Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist and academic (died 1993)
1914 - Jack Dunphy, American author and playwright (died 1992)
1914 - Connie born Gay, American businessman, co-founded the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum (died 1989)
1915 - David Dellinger, American activist (died 2004)
1915 - James Hillier, Canadian-American scientist, co-designed the electron microscope (died 2007)
1915 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and politician, 15th Prime Minister of the Polish Republic in Exile (died 2005)
1917 - John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 2001)
1918 - Mary McGrory, American journalist and author (died 2004)
1920 - Ray Bradbury, American author and screenwriter (died 2012)
1920 - Denton Cooley, American soldier and surgeon
1921 - Sotiria Bellou, Greek singer (died 1997)
1921 - Dinos Dimopoulos, Greek director and screenwriter (died 2003)
1921 - Tony Pawson, English cricketer, footballer, and journalist (died 2012)
1922 - Roberto Aizenberg, Argentine painter and sculptor (died 1996)
1922 - Theoni V. Aldredge, Greek-American costume designer (died 2011)
1922 - Micheline Presle, French actress
1924 - Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author (died 2015)
1924 - James Kirkwood, Jr., American playwright and author (died 1989)
1925 - Honor Blackman, English actress and singer
1926 - Marc Bohan, French fashion designer
1928 - Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean academic and diplomat
1928 - Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer and academic (died 2007)
1929 - Valery Alekseyev, Russian anthropologist and author (died 1991)
1929 - Ulrich Wegener, German police officer and general
1930 - Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Brazilian footballer (died 2013)
1932 - Gerald P. Carr, American engineer, colonel, and astronaut
1932 - Gabriele Tinti, Italian actor (died 1991)
1933 - Sylva Koscina, Croatian-Italian actress (died 1994)
1934 - Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general and engineer (died 2012)
1935 - Annie Proulx, American journalist and author
1936 - Chuck Brown, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (died 2012)
1936 - John Callaway, American journalist and producer (died 2009)
1936 - Dale Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 2010)
1936 - Werner Stengel, German roller coaster designer and engineer, designed the maverick roller coaster
1938 - Jean Berkey, American businesswoman and politician (died 2013)
1938 - Paul Maguire, American football player and sportscaster
1939 - Valerie Harper, American actress
1939 - Carl Yastrzemski, American baseball player
1940 - Bill McCartney, American football player and coach, founded Promise Keepers
1941 - Bill Parcells, American football player and coach
1943 - Alun Michael, Welsh police officer and politician, 1st First Minister of Wales
1943 - Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist and engineer, co-designed the Intel 4004
1944 - Roger Cashmore, English physicist and academic
1944 - Peter Hofmann, Czech-German tenor and actor (died 2010)
1945 - David Chase, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1945 - Ron Dante, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Archies, The Cuff Links, and The Detergents)
1945 - Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
1947 - Donna Jean Godchaux, American singer-songwriter (Grateful Dead, Heart of Gold Band, and Jerry Garcia Band, and Donna Jean Godchaux Band)
1947 - Cindy Williams, American actress and producer
1948 - David Marks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Beach Boys and Delaney and Bonnie)
1949 - Doug Bair, American baseball player and coach
1949 - Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic author and poet
1949 - Diana Nyad, American swimmer and author
1950 - Ray Burris, American baseball player and coach
1950 - Scooter Libby, American lawyer and politician, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States
1951 - Mary Allen, English journalist
1951 - Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician
1952 - Peter Laughner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rocket from the Tombs and Pere Ubu) (died 1977)
1953 - Paul Ellering, American weightlifter, wrestler, and manager
1955 - Chiranjeevi, Indian actor, producer, and politician
1956 - Paul Molitor, American baseball player and coach
1956 - Peter Taylor, Australian cricketer
1957 - Steve Davis, English snooker player, sportscaster, and author
1958 - Colm Feore, American-Canadian actor
1958 - Stevie Ray, American wrestler and sportscaster
1958 - Vernon Reid, English-American guitarist and songwriter (Living Colour)
1959 - Juan Croucier, Cuban-American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Ratt and Dokken)
1959 - Pia Gjellerup, Danish lawyer and politician, Danish Minister of Finance
1959 - Annie Tempest, English cartoonist
1960 - Holger Gehrke, German footballer and manager
1961 - Andrés Calamaro, Argentine singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Los Abuelos de la Nada and Los Rodríguez)
1961 - Iain Coucher, English businessman
1961 - Roland Orzabal, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Tears for Fears and Graduate)
1961 - Debbi Peterson, American singer and drummer (The Bangles and Kindred Spirit)
1963 - Tori Amos, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Y Kant Tori Read)
1963 - Terry Catledge, American basketball player
1964 - Diane Setterfield, English author and educator
1964 - Mats Wilander, Swedish-American tennis player and coach
1964 - Andrew Wilson, American actor and director
1965 - Wendy Botha, South African-Australian surfer
1965 - Courtney Gains, American actor and producer
1966 - GZA, American rapper and producer (Wu-Tang Clan)
1966 - Eric Andolsek, American football player (died 1992)
1966 - Rob Witschge, Dutch footballer and manager
1967 - Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, English model, actor, and screenwriter
1967 - Ty Burrell, American actor
1967 - Alfred Gough, American screenwriter and producer
1967 - Yukiko Okada, Japanese singer and actress (died 1986)
1967 - Layne Staley, American singer-songwriter (Alice in Chains, Class of '99, Mad Season, and Sleze) (died 2002)
1967 - Bill Welke, American baseball player and umpire
1968 - Casper Christensen, Danish comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1968 - Paul Colman, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Newsboys and Paul Colman Trio)
1968 - Aleksandr Mostovoi, Russian footballer
1968 - Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian businesswoman
1968 - Horst Skoff, Austrian tennis player (died 2008)
1970 - George Canyon, Canadian singer, guitarist, and actor
1970 - Charlie Connelly, English-Irish journalist and author
1970 - Giada De Laurentiis, Italian-American chef and author
1970 - Chin Chin Gutierrez, Filipino actress and singer
1970 - Tímea Nagy, Hungarian fencer
1970 - Shaun Steels, English drummer and bass player (My Dying Bride and Anathema)
1971 - Richard Armitage, English actor
1971 - Natalie Ceeney, English businesswoman
1971 - Craig Finn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Hold Steady and Lifter Puller)
1971 - Benoît Violier, French-Swiss chef (died 2016)
1971 - Rick Yune, American actor and martial artist
1972 - Okkert Brits, South African pole vaulter
1972 - Paul Doucette, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer (Matchbox Twenty, The Break and Repair Method, and Tabitha's Secret)
1972 - Steve Kline, American baseball player and coach
1972 - Pontus Schultz, Swedish journalist (died 2012)
1972 - Max Wilson, German-Brazilian race car driver
1973 - Sornram Teppitak, Thai actor and singer
1973 - Howie Dorough, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor (Backstreet Boys)
1973 - Beenie Man, Jamaican rapper and producer
1973 - Kristen Wiig, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
1974 - Jenna Leigh Green, American actress and singer
1974 - Agustín Pichot, Argentine rugby player
1975 - Clint Bolton, Australian footballer
1976 - Marius Bezykornovas, Lithuanian footballer
1976 - Bryn Davies, American bassist, cellist, and pianist
1976 - Laurent Hernu, French decathlete
1976 - Randy Wolf, American baseball player
1977 - Keren Cytter, Israeli author and director
1977 - Heiðar Helguson, Icelandic footballer
1978 - Robert Levon Been, American singer and guitarist (Black Rebel Motorcycle Club)
1978 - James Corden, English actor, comedian, writer, and television host/presenter
1978 - Ioannis Gagaloudis, Greek basketball player
1979 - Brandon Adams, American actor
1979 - Jennifer Finnigan, Canadian actress
1979 - Matt Walters, American football player
1980 - Roland Benschneider, German footballer
1980 - Nicolas Macrozonaris, Canadian sprinter
1980 - Seiko Yamamoto, Japanese wrestler
1981 - Alex Holmes, American football player
1981 - Jang Hyun-kyu, South Korean footballer (died 2012)
1981 - Takumi Saito, Japanese actor and singer
1982 - Rodrigo Nehme, Mexican actor
1983 - Theo Bos, Dutch cyclist
1983 - Laura Breckenridge, American actress
1983 - Jahri Evans, American football player
1983 - Miho Ohwada, Japanese actress
1983 - Dani Thompson, Australian-English model and actress
1984 - Lee Camp, English footballer
1984 - Lawrence Quaye, Ghanaian-Qatari footballer
1985 - Kether Donohue, American actress, singer, and producer
1985 - Luke Russert, American journalist
1986 - Monsieur Adi, French DJ and producer
1986 - James Frost, Welsh guitarist and keyboardist (The Automatic)
1986 - Erika Hebron, American model, Miss Missouri 2010
1986 - Keiko Kitagawa, Japanese model and actress
1986 - Adrian Neville, English wrestler
1986 - Janis Vahter, Estonian basketball player
1987 - Leonardo Moracci, Italian footballer
1987 - Uhaa Nation, American wrestler
1987 - Karlie Simon, English porn actress
1988 - Sarah Major, New Zealand actress and singer
1989 - Giacomo Bonaventura, Italian footballer
1989 - Chariz Solomon, Filipino actress
1990 - Syque Caesar, Bangladeshi gymnast
1990 - Randall Cobb, American football player
1990 - Drew Hutchison, American baseball player
1991 - Federico Macheda, Italian footballer
1991 - Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player
1994 - Olli Määttä, Finnish ice hockey player
1999 - Dakota Goyo, Canadian actor and stuntman

Deaths

408 - Stilicho, Roman general (born 359)
1155 - Emperor Konoe of Japan (born 1139)
1241 - Pope Gregory IX, (born 1143)
1280 - Pope Nicholas III (born 1216)
1304 - John II, Count of Holland (born 1247)
1350 - Philip VI of France (born 1293)
1358 - Isabella of France (born 1295)
1456 - Vladislav II of Wallachia
1485 - Richard III of England (born 1452)
1553 - John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English admiral and politician, Lord President of the Council (born 1504)
1572 - Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland, English leader of the Rising of the North (born 1528)
1584 - Jan Kochanowski, Polish poet and playwright (born 1530)
1599 - Luca Marenzio, Italian singer-songwriter (born 1553)
1607 - Bartholomew Gosnold, English lawyer and explorer, founded the London Company (born 1572)
1652 - Jacob De la Gardie, Estonian-Swedish soldier and politician, Lord High Constable of Sweden (born 1583)
1664 - Maria Cunitz, Polish astronomer and author (born 1610)
1680 - John George II, Elector of Saxony (born 1613)
1701 - John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (born 1628)
1711 - Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French general (born 1644)
1752 - William Whiston, English mathematician, historian, and theologian (born 1667)
1793 - Louis de Noailles, French general (born 1713)
1793 - Cäcilia Weber, German-Austrian mother of Constanze Weber (born 1727)
1797 - Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, French-Austrian field marshal (born 1724)
1806 - Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter and illustrator (born 1732)
1818 - Warren Hastings, English lawyer and politician, 1st Governor-General of Bengal (born 1732)
1828 - Franz Joseph Gall, Austrian neuroanatomist and physiologist (born 1758)
1850 - Nikolaus Lenau, Romanian-Austrian poet and author (born 1802)
1861 - Xianfeng Emperor of China (born 1831)
1888 - Ágoston Trefort, Hungarian jurist and politician, Hungarian Minister of Education (born 1817)
1891 - Jan Neruda, Czech journalist, author, and poet (born 1834)
1903 - Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1830)
1904 - Kate Chopin, American novelist and poet (born 1850)
1909 - Henry Radcliffe Crocker, English dermatologist and author (born 1846)
1914 - Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi, Italian bishop and academic (born 1859)
1918 - Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist and academic (born 1868)
1920 - Anders Zorn, Swedish artist (born 1860)
1922 - Michael Collins, Irish commander and politician, 2nd Irish Minister of Finance (born 1890)
1926 - Charles William Eliot, American academic (born 1834)
1933 - Alexandros Kontoulis, Greek general and diplomat (born 1858)
1940 - Oliver Lodge, English physicist and academic (born 1851)
1940 - Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland, Maltese lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Malta (born 1861)
1942 - Michel Fokine, Russian dancer and choreographer (born 1880)
1946 - Döme Sztójay, Hungarian general and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (born 1883)
1950 - Kirk Bryan, American geologist and academic (born 1888)
1951 - Jack Bickell, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (born 1884)
1953 - Jim Tabor, American baseball player (born 1916)
1958 - Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist and paleographer, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1881)
1960 - Johannes Sikkar, Estonian soldier and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia in exile (born 1897)
1963 - William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (born 1877)
1965 - Ellen Church, American flight attendant (born 1904)
1967 - Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and academic, co-created the birth-control pill (born 1903)
1970 - Vladimir Propp, Russian philologist and scholar (born 1895)
1973 - Louise Huff, American actress (born 1895)
1974 - Jacob Bronowski, Polish-English mathematician, biologist, and author (born 1908)
1976 - Gina Bachauer, Greek pianist and composer (born 1913)
1976 - Juscelino Kubitschek, Brazilian physician and politician, 21st President of Brazil (born 1902)
1977 - Sebastian Cabot, English-Canadian actor and singer (born 1918)
1978 - Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan journalist and politician, 1st President of Kenya (born 1894)
1979 - James T. Farrell, American novelist, short-story writer, and poet (born 1904)
1980 - James Smith McDonnell, American pilot, engineer, and businessman, founded McDonnell Aircraft (born 1899)
1985 - Charles Gibson (historian), Historian of Mexico and its Indians, President of the American Historical Association (born 1920)
1986 - Celâl Bayar, Turkish lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Turkey (born 1883)
1987 - Joseph P. Lash, American author and journalist (born 1909)
1989 - Robert Grondelaers, Belgian cyclist (born 1933)
1989 - Huey P. Newton, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (born 1942)
1991 - Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-American actress (born 1924)
1991 - Boris Pugo, Russian soldier and politician, Soviet Minister of Interior (born 1937)
1994 - Gilles Groulx, Canadian director and screenwriter (born 1931)
1994 - Allan Houser, American sculptor and painter (born 1914)
1995 - Johnny Carey, Irish footballer and manager (born 1919)
1996 - Erwin Komenda, Austrian car designer and engineer (born 1904)
2000 - Professor Tanaka, American wrestler and actor (n. 1930)
2003 - Imperio Argentina, Argentine singer and actress (born 1906)
2003 - Arnold Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater and coach (born 1914)
2004 - Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (born 1960)
2004 - Angus Bethune, Australian soldier and politician, 33rd Premier of Tasmania (born 1908)
2004 - Al Dvorin, American bandleader and talent agent (born 1922)
2004 - Daniel Petrie, Canadian director and producer (born 1920)
2005 - Luc Ferrari, French-Italian director and composer (born 1929)
2005 - Ernest Kirkendall, American chemist and metallurgist (born 1914)
2005 - Mati Unt, Estonian author and director (born 1944)
2006 - Bruce Gary, American drummer and producer (The Knack) (born 1951)
2007 - Grace Paley, American short story writer, and poet (born 1922)
2008 - Gladys Powers, English-Canadian soldier (born 1899)
2009 - Elmer Kelton, American journalist and author (born 1926)
2010 - Stjepan Bobek, Croatian footballer and manager (born 1923)
2011 - Nick Ashford, American singer-songwriter and producer (Ashford and Simpson) (born 1942)
2011 - Jack Layton, Canadian academic and politician (born 1950)
2011 - Jerry Leiber, American songwriter (born 1933)
2011 - Joan Gerber, American voice actor and singer (born 1935)
2011 - Casey Ribicoff, American philanthropist (born 1922)
2012 - Nina Bawden, English author (born 1925)
2012 - Charles Flores, Cuban-American bassist (born 1970)
2012 - Paulino Matip Nhial, South Sudanese soldier and politician
2012 - Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, Chinese cardinal (born 1923)
2012 - Jeffrey Stone, American actor and screenwriter (born 1926)
2012 - András József Szennay, Hungarian clergyman (born 1921)
2013 - Keiko Fuji, Japanese singer and actress (born 1951)
2013 - Paul Poberezny, American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (born 1921)
2013 - Andrea Servi, Italian footballer (born 1984)
2014 - U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian author, poet, and playwright (born 1932)
2014 - Emmanuel Kriaras, Greek lexicographer and philologist (born 1906)
2014 - Pete Ladygo, American football player and coach (born 1928)
2014 - Noella Leduc, American baseball player (born 1933)
2014 - John Sperling, American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (born 1921)
2014 - John S. Waugh, American chemist and academic (born 1929)
2015 - Mariem Hassan, Saharan singer-songwriter (born 1958)
2015 - Arthur Morris, Australian cricketer and journalist (born 1922)
2015 - Jörg Schneider, Swiss actor and author (born 1935)
2015 - Ieng Thirith, Cambodian academic and politician (born 1932)
2015 - Eric Thompson, English race car driver and book dealer (born 1919)